Readings


This is an ongoing list of the weekly readings for HIST120. If you are having trouble finding a reading, please check out the research guide or email me.

Week 1: Introduction and Contemporary History
Week 2: Tunisia/The Arab World on the Eve/Islam-Faith and Qur’an
Week 3: Islam – Formation and History
Week 4: Sunnis and Shi’is
Week 5: Islam and Libya
Week 6: Media
Week 7: Constitutions and Syria
Week 8: Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic Ideology – The Failure of Secularism
Week 9: Secularism and Monarchies
Week 10: Egypt from the Fall of Mubarak/Yemen
Week 11: Women/ Algeria and the Palestinians
Week 12: Fringes: Africa and Asia
Week 13: Costs and Al-Qa’ida
Week 14: Conclusions:”Arab”? “Spring”?

Week 1: Introduction and Contemporary History
Sadek J. al-Azm, ‘Arab Spring’ Fall 2011

Peter Catterall, ‘What (if anything) is distinctive about contemporary history?’ Journal of Contemporary History, 32, 1997, pp. 441-452.
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Week 2: Tunisia/The Arab World on the Eve/Islam-Faith and Qur’an
Readings for 13 January 2014 Tunisia
Peter Schraeder and Hamadi Redissi, ‘Ben Ali’s Fall’, Journal of Democracy, 22, no. 3, July 2011, pp. 5-19.

Intissar Kherigi, “Tunisia: ‘Change will take time’”, New African, December 2012, pp. 66-68.

Amira Yahyaoui, ‘Tunisia: Our Post-Revolutionary Struggle’, New African, December, 2012, pp. 70-71.

Mohamed A. El-Khawas, ‘Tunisia’s Jasmine Revolution: Causes and Impact’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 23, no. 4, 2012, pp. 1-23.

Risa Brooks, ‘Abandoned at the Palace: Why the Tunisian Military Defected from the Ben Ali Regime in January 2011’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 36, no. 2, 2013, pp. 205-220.

Readings for 15 January 2014 The Arab World On the Eve

Sami E. Baroudi, ‘The 2002 Arab Human Development Report: Implications for Democracy’, Middle East Policy, 11, no. 1, Spring 2004, pp. 132-141.

Asef Bayat, ‘Transforming the Arab World: The Arab Human Development Report and the Politics of Change’, Development and Change, 36, no. 6, 2005, pp. 1225-1237.

David Cook, ‘The Arab Spring and failed political legitimacy’, The Hedgehog Review, 13, no. 3, Fall 2011, pp. 37-46.

Readings for 15 January 2014 Islam – Faith and Qur’an

Qur’an suras 1, 96, 12 and 19; Genesis, chapters 37-50

Marilyn Waldman, ‘New approaches to “Biblical” Materials in the Qur’an’, Muslim World, LXXV, 1985, pp. 1-13.
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Week 3: Islam – Formation and History
Bernard Lewis, Arabs in History, pages 1-124 *assigned book*
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Week 4: Sunnis and Shi’is
Entries on “Sunni Islam” and “Shi’i Islam” in the Oxford Encyclopedia of Modern Islam

Note from Syllabus Bibliography:
John L. Esposito (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, Oxford, 1995 This book is held – in print only – both in our Divinity and in our Law Libraries: it is worth thinking about the location in Divinity in particular, for what it says about how we in the west view and categorize that part of the world. Its contents are also available electronically through the Library – but you cannot easily discover this: you have to search for Oxford Islamic Studies Online, enter your search terms (e.g. “Sunni Islam”) and find the entry from the correct book in that collection. Frustrating, but I have done the work for you and all you have to do is follow me.
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Week 5: Islam and Libya
Bernard Lewis, Arabs in History, pp. 125-207.

Readings for 5 February 2014
The Green Book of Mu’ammar al-Qadhafi (available here)

Dirk Vandewalle, ‘After Qaddafi: The surprising success of the new Libya’, Foreign Affairs, 91.6 (November-December 2012)

Wikipedia entry on Susan Rice
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Week 6: Media
Brian Ulrich, ‘Historicizing Arab blogs: Reflections on the transmission of ideas and information in Middle Eastern history’, Arab Media & Society, issue 8, Spring 2009 (available at http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=711)

Jeffry R. Halverson, Scott W. Ruston, & Angela Trethewey, ‘Mediated Martyrs of the Arab Spring: New Media, Civil Religion, and Narrative in Tunisia and Egypt’ Journal of Communication, 63, no. 2, 2013, pp. 312-332.

Ben Wagner, ‘Push-button-autocracy in Tunisia: Analysing the role of Internet infrastructure, institutions and international markets in creating a Tunisian censorship regime’, Telecommunications Policy 36, 2012, pp. 484–492.

Al Aswany, pp. 155-192 *assigned book*
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Week 7: Constitutions and Syria
Readings for 17 February 2014 Constitutions
Egypt: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20555478

Syria: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Syria

Libya: http://portal.clinecenter.illinois.edu/REPOSITORYCACHE/114/w1R3bTIKElG95H3MH5nvrSxchm9QLb8T6EK87RZQ9pfnC4py47DaBn9jLA742IFN3d70VnOYueW7t67gWXEs3XiVJJxM8n18U9Wi8vAoO7_24166.pdf
Tunisia: 1957 = http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/05/13/tunisia-revise-draft-constitution
For two criticisms of the new draft constitution, see: http://www.loc.gov/law/help/tunisia.php
For a more positive look:
http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/politics/2013/07/new-tunisian-constitution-promising.html
N.B. As of 23 September 2013 you can also use a new project supported by Google: https://www.constituteproject.org/#/ to explore constitutions and constitutional ideas from around the world.

Readings for 19 February 2014 Syria

Fouad Ajami, The Syrian Rebellion, Stanford, Hoover Institution, 2012 (available electronically via the Library) pp. 69-82.

UN Chemical Weapons Report = http://www.un.org/disarmament/content/slideshow/Secretary_General_Report_of_CW_Investigation.pdf

Patrick Radden Keefe, ‘Rocket Man. How an unemployed blogger confirmed that Syria had used chemical weapons’, New Yorker, November 25, 2013.

Samar Yazbek, A Woman in the Crossfire, pp. 1-77 *assigned book*
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Week 8: Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic Ideology – The Failure of Secularism
Sana Abed-Kotob, ‘The Accommodationists speak: goals and strategies of the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 27, 1995, pp. 321-339.

Emad Eldin Shahin, ‘Salafiyah’, in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, ed. John L. Esposito, New York: Oxford University Press, 2009, vol. 5, pp. 28–35 (access via Oxford Islamic Studies Online, via the Library).

P. Shinar and W. Ende, ‘Salafiyya’, in Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd ed. online, 2010.
Mohammed Ayoob, ‘Political Islam: Image and Reality’, World Policy Journal, 21, no. 3, Fall, 2004, pp. 1-14.

For texts by Hasan al-Banna, see, e.g.,  http://www.makingsenseofjihad.com/albannas_on_jihad/ and http://www.islamtimes.org/vdcd.x0o2yt0xxme6y.html

Bishara, The Invisible Arab, pp. 195-211. *assigned book*
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Week 9: Secularism and Monarchies
Readings for 10 March 2014: Secularism
John L. Esposito, ‘Rethinking Islam and Secularism’, Arda Papers (at http://www.thearda.com/rrh/papers/guidingpapers/Esposito.pdf), no date.

Vali Nasr, ‘Secularism: Lessons from the Muslim World’, Daedalus, 132, no. 3, 2003, pp. 67-72.

Bishara, pp. 1-62 *assigned book*
Readings for 12 March 2014 Monarchies

Zoltan Barany, ‘Unrest and state response in Arab monarchies’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 24, part 2, 2013, pp. 5-38.

Victor Menaldo, ‘The Middle East and North Africa’s Resilient Monarchs’, Journal of Politics, 74, no. 3, July 2012, pp. 707-722.

Sean L. Yom and F. Gregory Gause III, ‘Resilient Royals: How Arab Monarchies Hang On’, Journal of Democracy, 23, no. 4, October, 2012, pp. 74-88.

Al Aswany, On the State of Egypt, pp. vii-64 *assigned book*
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Week 10: Egypt from the fall of Mubarak and Yemen
Hillel Frisch, ‘The Egyptian Army and Egypt’s “Spring”’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 36, no. 2, 2013, pp. 180-204.

Nathan Brown, ‘Egypt’s failed transition’, Journal of Democracy, 24, no. 4, October, 2013, pp. 45-58.

Bishara, Invisible Arab, pp. 63-110 *assigned book*

Readings for 19 March 2014 Yemen
Thomas Juneau, ‘Yemen and the Arab Spring: Elite Struggles, State Collapse and Regional Security’, Orbis, 57, no. 3, Summer 2013, pp. 408-423.

April Longley Alley, ‘Yemen changes everything … and nothing’, Journal of Democracy, 24 no. 4, October 2013, pp. 74-85.

Yazbak, pp. 78-161 *assigned book*
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Week 11: Women/Algeria and the Palestinians
Readings for 24 March 2014 Women
Lois Beck and Nikki R. Keddie, ‘Introduction’, in Women in the Muslim World, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1978, pp. 1-34. (Many other chapters in this book are of interest and value, though as you can see the collection is now more than thirty years old).

Mark Tessler (with Janet Rogers and Daniel Schneider), ‘Women’s Emancipation in Tunisia’, in Beck and Keddie, pp. 141-158.

Susana Galán, ‘“Today I have seen angels in shape of humans:” An Emotional History of the Egyptian Revolution through the Narratives of Female Personal Bloggers’, Journal of International Women’s Studies, 13, no.5, October, 2012, pp. 17-30.

Laila El Baradei and Dina Wafa, ‘Women in the second Egyptian parliament post the Arab Spring: Do they think they stand a chance?’ Journal of International Women’s Studies, 14, no. 3, July 2012, pp. 42-63.

Aliaa Dawoud, ‘Why Women are Losing Rights in Post-Revolutionary Egypt’, Journal of International Women’s Studies, 13, no. 5, 2012, pp. 160-169.

Al Aswany, pp. 67-90. *assigned book*

Readings for 26 March 2014 Algeria and the Palestinians
Yazbak, pp. 162-202 *assigned book*

Frédéric Volpi, ‘Algeria versus the Arab Spring’, Journal of Democracy, 24, no. 3, 2013, pp. 104-115.

Basem Ezbidi, ‘“Arab Spring”: Weather Forecast for Palestine’, Middle East Policy, 20, no. 3, Fall 2013, pp. 99-110.

Alex Palmer, ‘Trouble in Palestine: The Implications of the Arab Spring’, Harvard International Review, Summer 2011, pp. 28-31.

Tony Klug, ‘The Arab Awakening and the Israeli-Palestinian Connection’, Tikkun, Fall, 2011, pp. 15-18, 39-41.
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Week 12: Fringes: Africa and Asia
Readings for 31 March 2014 Fringes (i) Africa

Jaimie Bleck, Countries at the Crossroads 2011: Mali, Freedom House, 2011 (= http://www.freedomhouse.org/sites/default/files/inline_images/MALIFINAL.pdf )

Bishara, pp. 149-194 *assigned book*
Readings for 2 April 2014 Fringes (ii) Asia

John James Kennedy, ‘What is the Color of a non-revolution? Why the Jasmine Revolution and Arab Spring did not spread to China’, Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, 13, part 1, Winter 2012, pp. 63-74.

Yazbak, pp. 203-268 *assigned book*
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Week 13: Costs and Al-Qa’ida
Readings for 7 April 2014 Costs

David Remnick, ‘Letter from Jordan: City of the Lost’, New Yorker, August 26, 2013, pp. 48-57

Alexander H. Joffe, ‘Egypt’s Antiquities Caught in the Revolution’, Middle East Quarterly, Spring 2011, pp. 73-78.

Readings for 9 April 2014 al-Qa’ida

Usama bin Laden, ‘Declaration of War 1996’; ‘Letter to the American people’; ‘Open letter to Shaykh Bin Baz on the invalidity of his fatwa on peace with the Jews, December 29, 1994’; ‘Second letter to Bin Baz, January 29, 1995’.

Bishara, pp. 111-148 *assigned book*
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Week 14: Conclusions: “Arab”? “Spring”?

Tahar Ben Jelloun, ‘By Fire’, New Yorker, 16 September, 2013

al-Azm, ‘Arab Spring’ (again)

Bishara, The Invisible Arab, pp. 213-231. *assigned book*
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